Tremendous growth in classroom technology has opened the doors for massive new uses of data and accompanying questions from policymakers, schools, parents and students alike on how that data is being stored and used. The Data Quality Campaign (DQC) report Student Data Privacy: What Happened in 2015, and What is Next? offers an assessment of trends in student data privacy legislation on the state and federal level as well an analysis of what to expect in the future.
In 2015, 46 states introduced bills addressing student data privacy and 15 states passed new student data privacy laws. The DQC notes that most of these student data privacy bills fall into two main themes: the prohibitive approach, which works to halt the collection of student data, and the governance approach, which works to establish policies that monitor use of student data. Highlighting the need for legislation that strikes a balance between responsibly protecting student data and using student data to service education and personalized learning, the assessment identifies three important considerations states should take when drafting policies for student data privacy: provide transparency, communicate the value of data, and support boards and districts. The DQC report predicts that new state legislation in 2016 will follow many of these guidelines.
Student Data Privacy: What Happened in 2015, and What is Next? also delves into the Federal privacy landscape, the role of advertising, how the opt-out movement plays a part and a summary of new state laws. The full report is available here.