Press Release

Jonathan M. Walker Named Vice President, Diversity, Equity and Inclusion, Association of American Publishers

Jonathan M. Walker Named Vice President, Diversity, Equity and Inclusion, Association of American Publishers

The Association of American Publishers announced today that Jonathan M. Walker has been named Vice President, Diversity, Equity and Inclusion. He is based in Washington, DC and reports directly to President and CEO Maria A. Pallante.  This a new position for the organization.

“Jonathan brings a long list of leadership accomplishments to the AAP on issues of diversity, equity, and inclusion, as well as higher education,” Maria Pallante commented. “I am thrilled to welcome him to our team, and equally thrilled that AAP is positioned to both support and elevate the important DEI work taking place in the global publishing industry.”

In his new role Jonathan Walker will work with AAP’s members, industry partners, and government leaders to coordinate and improve critical information, facilitate best practices, educate stakeholders, and scale success.

“I am excited to join the dynamic team at AAP,” commented Jonathan Walker. “The publishing industry plays a critical role in advancing principles of justice and equity, particularly in amplifying diverse voices. I look forward to building and sustaining relationships with stakeholders to build on the industry’s current success.” 

Immediately prior to joining AAP, he served as Senior Assistant Dean, Student Services, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, since 2016.  He has nearly 15 years of progressive experience in higher education at both public and private research institutions as well as Historically Black Colleges and Universities, where he also taught and published on equity and student engagement issues.

Jonathan Walker holds a Bachelor of Arts in History from Fayetteville State University, a Master of Science, College Student Personnel from Arkansas Tech University, and is currently pursuing the degree of Doctor of Education, Human and Organizational Learning at George Washington University. Originally from Spring Lake, North Carolina, he currently lives in Alexandria, Virginia. 

Press Release

AAP Issues Call for Entries for 2023 PROSE Awards for Outstanding Scholarly Books, Nonfiction Graphic Novels, Journals, Reference Works, and E-Products

AAP Issues Call for Entries for 2023 PROSE Awards for Outstanding Scholarly Books, Nonfiction Graphic Novels, Journals, Reference Works, and E-Products

Entry Period Extends from Monday, September 19, 2022 through Friday, November 18, 2022

The Association of American Publishers today announced that the submission period for its prestigious 2023 PROSE Awards will begin on Monday, September 19, 2022 and extend through Friday, November 18, 2022. The PROSE Awards recognize outstanding scholarly books, nonfiction graphic novels, journals, reference works, and e-products.

The awards recognize the very best scholarly works published in 2022 in the United States in five official categories: Biological and Life Sciences, Humanities, Physical Sciences & Mathematics, Social Sciences, and Reference Works.

“We are delighted to announce the submission period for the 2023 PROSE Awards,” said Chief Operating Officer Syreeta Swann. “For more than 45 years these awards have played a key role in elevating best-in-class scholarly publishing, and in raising the standard for excellence across academic fields. We look forward to reviewing the 2023 submissions, and to discovering the very best works of the year.”

Entry Details for the 2023 PROSE Awards Process

The entry fee for the 2023 PROSE Awards is $105, with submissions received digitally. Publishers will be asked to submit two electronic review copies before payment. Submitters are asked to provide review copies as annotatable PDF files to facilitate notetaking by our judges. Judges may request hardcopies during review. Winners will be required to provide physical copies to AAP.

There are some updates to submission categories this year, including the separation of World and European History, and the combining of Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy and Cosmology into one submission category. Mathematics has also been brought into the Popular Science and Mathematics category.

Submitting publishers must be a member of either the Association of American Publishers (AAP) or the Association of University Presses (AUPresses).

Please see here for more about how to submit an entry for the 2023 PROSE Awards.

About the PROSE Awards

Since 1976, the AAP’s PROSE Awards have recognized publishers who produce books, journals, and digital products of extraordinary merit that make a significant contribution to a field of study.

For 2023, a panel of esteemed judges from throughout the academic community will review entries for overall excellence in scholarly publishing in the five subject categories. Winners from each subject category will go on to compete for the industry’s coveted R.R. Hawkins Award, the ultimate winner of the PROSE Awards competition. PROSE Award Finalists, Subject Category winners, Excellence Award winners, and the R.R. Hawkins Award winner will be announced by AAP in early 2023.

More information on the 2023 PROSE Awards can be found here.

Press Release

AAP StatShot Annual Report For 2021: Book Publishing Revenues Up 12.3% For the Year, Reaching All-Time High of $29.33 Billion

AAP StatShot Annual Report For 2021: Book Publishing Revenues Up 12.3% For the Year, Reaching All-Time High of $29.33 Billion

The Association of American Publishers (AAP) today released the StatShot Annual report covering the calendar year 2021, estimating that the U.S. book publishing industry generated $29.33 billion industry-wide during the year, the highest number ever reported by StatShot Annual. The number reflects a $3.23 billion increase, or 12.3%, as compared to 2020 revenues of $26.1 billion.  

“The industry was firing on all cylinders in 2021, delivering benefits up and down the value chain for literature, scholarship, and educational materials,” commented Maria A. Pallante, President and CEO, Association of American Publishers.  “At the end of the day, we know that books are immeasurable and timeless as they make their way in the world.  Nevertheless, in an economy that is overcrowded with entertainment options, it is thrilling and gratifying to see such resounding affirmation for reading.”

2021 StatShot Annual Report Highlights

Physical Retail Environment

2021 saw some important adjustments to consumer behavior that differed from the previous year, including major growth in physical spaces. During the height of the pandemic in 2020, many bookstores were physically closed or offering limited physical services, and fewer people were visiting the stores that were in operation, choosing instead to purchase books from online platforms. In 2020, 50.1% of Trade revenue was attributable to the Online Retail Channel.

During 2021, however, as COVID restrictions began to ease, many bookstores re-opened and customers returned in full force to the physical sales environment. As a result, during 2021 the Physical Retail Channel climbed 23.9% industry-wide on a year-over-year basis, totaling $6.22 billion. 

Within the Physical Retail Channel, Trade revenues increased 40.4%, reaching $3.66 billion, reversing a five-year trend of decline. The total percentage of Trade revenue attributable to the Physical Retail Channel for 2021 was 19.5%.

Online Retail Environment

Purchases via Online Retail, which include sales of both digital products and physical products sold via online platforms, were also strong, accounting for 32.7% of industry-wide revenue, or $9.60 billion.

In the Trade sector, Online Retail remained dominant, accounting for 44.7% percent of revenues, or $8.39 billion.

In terms of year-over-year comparison, Online Retail Channel was roughly flat, falling 0.5% both on an industry-wide basis, and in the Trade category.

The U.S. Export Market

Like Physical Retail, the U.S. Export market reversed its pandemic-era decline, with revenues growing to $1.49 billion, an 18.9% increase as compared to 2020. 

Education

With students returning to school in larger numbers during 2021, the PreK-12 category saw significant growth, climbing 25.3% to $4.81 billion. 

Higher Education also grew, climbing 2.8% during 2021, reaching $3.22 billion.

Trade Formats

In Trade, physical books continued to dominate the market during the year, with Hardback, Paperback, and Special Bindings each seeing double digit increases in revenue. 

Trade Paperback revenues increased 14.2% during the year, reaching $6.24 billion, and Trade Hardback revenue increased 13.6%, reaching $7.07 billion, and Special Bindings increased 11.60% reaching $42 million. 

While eBook revenue had increased for the first time in years during 2020, climbing 12.4%, in 2021 the format again declined, falling 5.0%, and coming in at $1.97 billion. 

Downloaded Audio continued to grow, climbing 12.8% as compared to 2020, with an estimated revenue of $1.75 billion for the year. The format has seen continuous growth nearly every month since 2012, with the notable exception of November 2020, when it declined 1.6%.

The full report is available for purchase on AAP’s website.

Methodology

The StatShot Annual Report is based on data prepared by Management Practice Inc. (MPI), AAP’s statistics partner, and offers a valuable, financial overview of the book publishing industry that is more than the sum of AAP’s monthly statistics analyses.

StatShot Annual employs a unique methodology that combines annual data submitted by publishers and distributors, along with market modeling, to estimate the total volume of the U.S. publishing industry. Additionally, StatShot Annual reports estimated revenue and unit sales in the following market segments: Trade (consumer books), Higher Education, PreK-12, Professional, and University Presses. AAP (or its predecessor) has provided this service in a variety of forms since 1947. Participants are listed at the end of this report. MPI states the results of the survey are accurate at a 95% confidence level, plus or minus 5 percentage points. Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.

About AAP

AAP | The Association of American Publishers represents the leading book, journal, and education publishers in the United States on matters of law and policy, advocating for outcomes that incentivize the publication of creative expression, professional content, and learning solutions. As essential participants in local markets and the global economy, our members invest in and inspire the exchange of ideas, transforming the world we live in one word at a time. Find us online at www.publishers.org or on Twitter and Instagram at @AmericanPublish.

Press Release

Publishers File Opposition Brief in Case Against Internet Archive for Blatant Scanning and Distribution of Literary Works on Industrial Scale

Publishers File Opposition Brief in Case Against Internet Archive for Blatant Scanning and Distribution of Literary Works on Industrial Scale

On September 2, 2022 publishers filed the latest brief in the copyright infringement lawsuit against Internet Archive (“IA”), first filed on June 1, 2020 in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. 

The brief follows publishers’ July 7, 2022 request for summary judgement against the Internet Archive, which explained that both the law and facts of the case indisputably point to infringement and do not require a trial.  

The most recent filing comprehensively negates the Internet Archive’s own motion for summary judgement, which publishers believe is meritless and misleading.

The plaintiffs — Hachette Book Group, HarperCollins Publishers, Penguin Random House, and Wiley — brought the lawsuit on behalf of themselves and their authors after the Internet Archive refused to halt its infringement of tens of thousands of their books.    

Highlights of the publishers’ opposition brief include the following arguments:

  • Appellate courts have previously solidly rejected the first sale and fair use arguments asserted by the Internet Archive, including expressly rejecting these unfounded points:
    • Congress “accidentally” forgot to extend first sale principles to digital files.
    • Retransmitting copies in another medium is “transformative;” and
    • Possession of a physical copy magically negates unauthorized copying and distribution.
  • Contrary to its arguments, the Internet Archive has no way of knowing whether physical and digital copies of a book are in circulation at the same time, and with respect to the “National Emergency Library,” it completely abandoned even the pretense of this rationale.
  • The Internet Archive has shown contempt for authors and the rule of law.  Moreover, no one but the Internet Archive has designated the Internet Archive as a special institution possessing special powers under the law.
  • The Internet Archive is directly competing with authorized eBook channels.

Read the brief here.

About AAP

AAP | The Association of American Publishers represents the leading book, journal, and education publishers in the United States on matters of law and policy, advocating for outcomes that incentivize the publication of creative expression, professional content, and learning solutions. As essential participants in local markets and the global economy, our members invest in and inspire the exchange of ideas, transforming the world we live in one word at a time. Find us online at publishers.org or on Twitter and Instagram at @AmericanPublish.

Press Release

Publisher Affordability Campaigns Deliver Decline in Student Spending on College Course Materials During 2021-2022 Academic Year

Publisher Affordability Campaigns Deliver Decline in Student Spending on College Course Materials During 2021-2022 Academic Year

Most Recent Data Continues Long-Term Trend, with Independent Research from Student Watch and Student Monitor Identifying Decline of Between 44% and 48% over the Past Decade

Average student spending on college course materials declined during the 2021-2022 school year according to reports from two leading independent research firms.  

Comparing the 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 Academic Years

The most recent report from Student Watch, which is funded by the National Association of College Stores Foundation, found that student spending went from $456 during the 2020-2021 academic year to $339 for the 2021-2022, a decline of 26 percent. 

Similarly, independent research firm Student Monitor found that average student spending on college course materials, including textbooks and digital materials, declined 22 percent going from $405 last year to an average of $314 for the 2021-2022 academic year.

“This year’s average course material spending is the lowest we’ve recorded over the past 15 years,” said Lacey Wallace, Research Analyst at the National Association of College Stores.

A Decade Long Trend

Both research firms also reported dramatic declines in student spending over the past decade, with Student Watch finding a drop of 48 percent over the past ten years, going from $655 during the 2011-2012 to just $339 for 2021-2022 academic year.

Similarly, Student Monitor reported a 44 percent decline over the same period, with student spending in the category going from an average $557 during 2011-2012 to just $314 for the 2021-2022 academic year.

“Course materials are more affordable now than at any time in the past decade, in large part because Students are tailoring their purchases to the requirements of their individual courses, and taking full advantage of some of the new affordable options,” commented Eric Weil, Managing Partner, Student Monitor. 

Freedom of Choice: Providing Faculty and Students with Options

“Higher education publishers have continued to focus on both quality and affordability, and the results have been remarkable,” commented Kelly Denson, Vice President, Education Policy and Programs, AAP. “Student spending on course materials has declined during the past decade — dropping a substantial 44 to 48 percent — publishers have dramatically expanded their offerings, providing high-quality content and courseware within delivery models like Inclusive Access, and rental options in addition to digital, loose leaf print, and individual learning apps. The result gives both faculty and students the freedom and flexibility to choose the materials that work best for their financial and academic needs.”

Methodologies

The 2022 Student Watch survey involved 11,800 students across 39 two- and four-year institutions. 

The Student Monitor findings are the result of hour-long, one-on-one, on campus intercept interviews conducted among 1,412 four-year, full time undergraduates attending 94 representative colleges and universities. 

Press Release

Comment on Virginia Beach Free Expression Victory from Maria A. Pallante, President and CEO, Association of American Publishers

Comment on Virginia Beach Free Expression Victory from Maria A. Pallante, President and CEO, Association of American Publishers

“We are gratified to see Virginia Beach Circuit Court Judge Baskervill’s orders today dismissing obscenity petitions against two books, Gender Queer: A Memoir by Maia Kobabe and A Court of Mist and Fury by Sarah Maas. The orders are a significant and unequivocal victory for the free speech rights of readers, authors, publishers, booksellers, and libraries. Alongside challenges from the authors and publishers of the books and other interested parties, AAP joined with authors, booksellers, and library organizations to challenge the petitions in court and call attention to their fatal legal and constitutional defects. In today’s order, Judge Baskervill agreed with every single one of the challengers’ arguments, vacating the earlier order to show cause and dismissing the case for lack of jurisdiction, holding that the books are not obscene, and finding the law unconstitutional as a prior restraint and for violating due process protections.”

Gender Queer order

A Court of Mist and Fury order

AAP (Media Coalition) Brief

AAP (Media Coalition) Reply Brief

Press Release

Statement from Shelley Husband, Senior Vice President, Government Affairs, AAP, on Decision by The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy to Make Private Sector Publications Freely Available

Statement from Shelley Husband, Senior Vice President, Government Affairs, AAP, on Decision by The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy to Make Private Sector Publications Freely Available

Today’s announcement from OSTP about access policies for private sector research publications comes without formal, meaningful consultation or public input during this Administration on a decision that will have sweeping ramifications, including serious economic impact. 

The twin goals of the publishing industry—human inspiration and scientific progress—are deeply felt by the scholarly publishing sector, which funds and disseminates thousands of journals covering nearly every academic and professional field in science, technology, medicine, social sciences, and the humanities.  In a no-embargo environment, in which private publications will be made immediately available by the government for free, our primary concerns are about business sustainability and quality.  

Many publishers have increased the speed and efficiency of the publication process, regularly launched new journals to increase the dissemination of research and embraced diverse publication and access models to sustain and support researchers and research institutions, including those that reduce time to access.  This important work is part of a competitive marketplace geared towards excellence; it is very different than the government mandating business models.  How will publishers, especially small publishers, sustain the accuracy, quality, and output that the public interest requires?

As we work with the Administration and Congress in the days ahead, our focus will be to preserve our nation’s leadership in research and innovation, and to ensure that we continue to have a vibrant independent industry for scholarly publications.

Press Release

AAP June 2022 StatShot Report: Publishing Industry Down 1.6% Year-To-Date and Down 0.2% for June

AAP June 2022 StatShot Report: Publishing Industry Down 1.6% Year-To-Date and Down 0.2% for June

Trade (Consumer Book) Revenues Up 0.4% in June, While Down 0.8% Year-to-Date

The Association of American Publishers (AAP) today released its StatShot report for June 2022 reflecting reported revenue for Trade (Consumer Books), Higher Education Course Materials, and Professional Publishing. The report does not include PreK-12 revenue due to delays in data collection but will be updated as soon as that data becomes available.

Total revenues across all categories, excluding PreK-12, for June 2022 were down 0.2% as compared to June 2021, coming in at $895.0 million. Year-to-date revenues were down 1.6%, at $5.5 billion for the first six months of the year.

Trade (Consumer Books) Revenues

Trade (Consumer Books) sales were up 0.4% in June, coming in at $652.7 million.

In terms of physical paper format revenues during the month of June, in the Trade (Consumer Books) category, Hardback revenues were down 10.9%, coming in at $181.3 million; Paperbacks were up 9.0%, with $253.9 million in revenue; Mass Market was up 16.9% to $21.4 million; while Special Bindings were down 23.8%, with $11.0 million in revenue.

eBook revenues were down 6.3% for the month as compared to June 2021 for a total of $83.0 million. The Downloaded Audio format was up 9.8% for June, coming in at $72.4 million in revenue. Physical Audio was down 44.1% coming in at $1.0 million.

Year-to-date Trade revenues were down 0.8%, at $4.2 billion for the first six months of the year. Hardback revenues were down 7.9%, coming in at $1.4 billion; Paperbacks were up 9.0%, with $1.5 billion in revenue; Mass Market was down 20.9% to $95.5 million; and Special Bindings were down 1.0%, with $79.8 million in revenue.

eBook revenues were down 8.5% as compared to the first six months of 2021 for a total of $500.4 million. The Downloaded Audio format was up 3.8%, coming in at $400.6 million in revenue. Physical Audio was down 36.4% coming in at $7.1 million.

Religious Presses

Religious press revenues were down 1.6% in June, coming in at $47.2 million. Hardback revenues were down 5.2% to $24.3 million in revenue, Paperback revenues were up 2.6% to $8.8 million, eBook revenues were down 5.3% coming in at $4.6 million, and Downloaded Audio revenues were up 6.2% at $4.0 million.

On a year-to-date basis, religious press revenues were down 3.4%, reaching $351.0 million. Hardback revenues were down 5.9% at $201.8 million in revenue, Paperback revenues were up 4.7% to $60.4 million, eBook revenues were down 12.1% at $27.8 million, and Downloaded Audio revenues were up 1.9% at $21.5 million. 

Education

During June 2022 revenues from Higher Education Course Materials were $196.9 million, down 2.0% compared with June 2021. Year-to-date Higher Education Course Materials revenues were $1.1 billion, down 5.0% compared to the first six months of 2021.

The performance of the Education categories during this month may reflect multiple factors, including rebounding business post-COVID.

Professional Books

Professional Books, including business, medical, law, technical and scientific, were up 5.1% during the month, coming in at $37.0 million. Year-to-date Professional Books revenues were $197.8 million, up 1.5% as compared to the first six months of 2021.

AAP’s StatShot

AAP StatShot reports the monthly and yearly net revenue of publishing houses from U.S. sales to bookstores, wholesalers, direct to consumer, online retailers, and other channels. StatShot draws revenue data from approximately 1,368 publishers, although participation may fluctuate slightly from report to report. 

StatShot reports are designed to give ongoing revenue snapshots across publishing sectors using the best data currently available. The reports reflect participants’ most recent reported revenue for current and previous periods, enabling readers to compare revenue on both a month-to-month and year-to-year basis within a given StatShot report.

Monthly and yearly StatShot reports may not align completely across reporting periods, because: a) The pool of StatShot participants may fluctuate from report to report; and b) Like any business, it is common accounting practice for publishing houses to update and restate their previously reported revenue data. If, for example, a business learns that its revenues were greater in a given year than its reports first indicated, it will restate the revenues in subsequent reports to AAP, permitting AAP in turn to report information that is more accurate than previously reported.

Press Release

AAP Files Amicus Brief in Support of Photographer Lynn Goldsmith in the Copyright Fair Use Case Andy Warhol Foundation v. Lynn Goldsmith

AAP Files Amicus Brief in Support of Photographer Lynn Goldsmith in the Copyright Fair Use Case Andy Warhol Foundation v. Lynn Goldsmith

Yesterday, the AAP filed an amicus curiae brief with the Supreme Court of the United States in support of photographer Lynn Goldsmith in the copyright fair use case Andy Warhol Foundation v. Lynn Goldsmith. AAP’s brief explains that licensable copyright interests, including for derivative uses, are the foundation of publishing transactions in the marketplace.  It also emphasizes that fair use is also an important balancing provision under the law, but that it must not swallow the rule.

As AAP’s brief explains, the Warhol Foundation asserts a bloated flavor of fair use that would make any “new meaning or message” by a downstream user a deciding factor—not only for the visual artworks that are at issue in this case, but in all instances in which a subsequent user might seek to circumvent permission from the original author, for example, changing the ending to a novel or creating a film from a book.  AAP’s brief explains that divisible copyright interests and downstream markets are fundamental to copyright protection and the basis by which all kinds of formats and adaptations are licensed, including eBooks and audiobooks.

The facts of the case turn on a prominent photograph of the musician Prince, which the photographer Goldsmith licensed to Vanity Fair for a single use artist rendering in 1984, which Warhol completed, and Vanity Fair published along with attribution to Goldsmith for her underlying photograph.  After Warhol’s death, the Warhol Foundation began generating revenue from 15 additional works (mainly silkscreens) that Warhol had made from the photograph without permission but had not himself exploited. 

The Department of Justice has also filed in support of the photographer, noting that by licensing copies of Warhol’s works, the Warhol Foundation competes with the photographer’s own markets for both the original photograph and licensed derivatives. 

Read AAP’s full amicus curiae brief here.

Press Release

Statement From the Association of American Publishers Regarding the Attack on Salman Rushdie

Statement From the Association of American Publishers Regarding the Attack on Salman Rushdie

The Association of American Publishers today issued the following statement regarding the recent attack on Salman Rushdie.

“Salman Rushdie is a giant of world literature, and his outsized contributions to the world of letters are exceeded only by his bravery in continuing to pursue his craft in spite of threats against his life since 1989.  The AAP joins publishers and writers worldwide in condemning this and all violent attacks on the freedom of imagination.  We are heartened by news that Mr. Rushdie is recovering from his grievous injuries, and we wish him strength and ease and a steady return to health.” — Maria A. Pallante, President and CEO, Association of American Publishers.